types of treatment

There are many different types of treatment that can help people with mental illness feel better. Once you have made a decision to seek help, you can choose from a number of helping sources, treatment approaches, and service settings. There is no “one size fits all” treatment for mental disorders.

  • Psychotherapy means talking face-to-face with a mental health professional. There are many different types of psychotherapy.
  • Behavioral therapy is training a person to change how s/he thinks and behaves. Stress management and relaxation training are types of behavioral therapy.
  • Psychoanalysis looks at the unconscious mind, or things that you’re not really aware of, and how it affects behavior and feelings.
  • Cognitive therapy identifies and corrects ways of thinking about things that cause uncomfortable feelings and behavior.
  • Family therapy brings every one in the family together to discuss problems and come up with solutions.
  • Group therapy brings a small group of people together with a mental health professional to discuss their problems and help each other.
  • Support groups bring people with common problems together who share experiences and help each other. Support groups usually don’t have a mental health professional leading them.
  • Rehabilitation programs help people regain skills and confidence to live and work more independently.
  • Medication can help some people with mental illness. But before you take the medicine, ask your doctor about:
    • the risks
    • the side effects
    • how the medicine reacts with food, alcohol and other medicines you are taking
    • the best time to take the medicine
    • how long it takes before you feel the effects
    • the effect of the medicine on your sexuality, memory concentration and menstrual cycle.
    If you notice side effects that concern you after you've taken the medication, talk to your doctor!